SoulAce recently conducted a study on the CSR expenditure of leading 100 companies by their CSR expenditure for the year 2018-19.
The study was undertaken to understand how the companies are spending their CSR budget and the emerging patterns since the CSR compliance law has been passed. The study attempted to analyse the budget by various locations, thrust areas and utilization of the CSR budget.
The leading 100 companies that were selected for the study consisted of a mixture of Public Sector Enterprises (25) and Non-Public Sector Enterprises (75). The total expenditure of these 100 companies was Rs 9,463 crores. Out of these 100 companies, it was found that 28 per cent of companies had a budget of over Rs 100 crore, 22 per cent had over Rs 40-100 crores and 50 per cent were between Rs 15-40 crore.
"We are seeing a surprising trend of 26 per cent leading companies still not spending the prescribed amount despite the CSR law being in place for five years. This also formed the basis for the government to look at options of penalty for non-spending on CSR, which was a public debate a few weeks back", said Adarsh Kataruka, CEO, SoulAce.
1. Companies that have a budget of over Rs 100 crores tend to spend more than the prescribed limit on CSR activities. Out of companies that had a budget of Rs. 100 plus crores, 54 per cent of them spent more than their prescribed budget, 21 per cent of them spent less and 25 per cent of them spent exactly as per prescribed.
2. It was found that companies that had a CSR budget of between Rs 40-100 crores, 46 per cent did not meet their prescribed CSR spending, 27 per cent of companies spent more than their prescribed budget while 27 per cent spent as per their intended budget.
3. The expenditure of PSE companies was accounted at 35 per cent (Rs 3,343 crores) and Non-PSE companies stood at 65 per cent (Rs 6,154 crores) of the surveyed companies in FY 2018-19.
4. CSR spend industry-wise for 2018-19: Energy (oil, electricity, and gas) Financial Services and IT companies, amounted for more than half (53 per cent) of the total CSR expenditure (Rs 5,017 crores) of the 100 leading companies. Metals and mines, Consumer goods and automobiles companies are the next big contributors in CSR expenditure.
5. In the thrust areas of CSR -
a) Education and Healthcare received almost half of the total CSR spend (48 per cent) amounting up to Rs 4372 crores.
b) Rural Development accounted for 13 per cent of the CSR expenditure, amounting to Rs 1189 crores.
c) Environment Conservation (an upcoming thrust area) has attracted CSR spending of Rs 794 crores amounting up to 9 per cent.
d) Livelihood & Skill development (8 per cent), Water conservation, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) (5 per cent) accounted for 8 per cent and 5 per cent of CSR spending amounting Rs 800 crores and 428 crores respectively.
e) Apart from these, owing to the prevailing flood situation in various parts of the country, CSR contribution of Rs 48 crores was made to alleviate the situation.
6. The geographical analysis of the CSR budget gave the following results –
a) More than 60 companies have launched CSR projects in Maharashtra.
b) Over 52 companies have launched CSR projects in Rajasthan.
c) Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana were among the other top states that are receiving CSR expenditure.
"In terms of geography, Maharashtra continues to be the biggest beneficiary of CSR spending as a majority of the companies either have head offices or operations in the state. Thematically, we are continuing to see the trend of Education & Health contributing to nearly 50 per cent of the CSR spending. These two themes have also been the focus of the government in the Aspirational District program", said Adarsh Kataruka, CEO, SoulAce.
"Going forward, the focus of companies and government should not be only on CSR spending but on the measurement of long-term impact that is being created at the ground-level. It is important that CSR departments start looking at the measurement of impact as a mandatory practice", he added. This story is provided by BusinessWire India. ANI will not be responsible in any way for the content of this article.